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Peace Project

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Khurram Owais Shah

Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Last Visit: 09 Oct 2010
Posts: 45
Location: Karachi
PostPosted: Fri Aug 01, 2008 9:49 am    Post subject: Peace Project Reply with quote

Project: Livelihood Promotion
Organization: PEACE
Project Team: Ali Naveed (lead), Saadat Khan, Fatima Haque
EC: Tarim Wasim, Abdur-Rahim Syed, Ayesha Mattu

Please download the attached proposal and checklist.

Individual feedback from team members:

"Being a consultant myself we often use the Business Process Improvement and then Change Management strategy to help bring about a difference. We will have to identify and define prevailing "As-Is" conditions that women and youth are operating in. Highlight a best practices/ideal future state that can be accomplished from possible past examples in other areas and then help facilitate this change which can be done through training etc." - Ali Naveed

"I have taken a look at the proposal and the concept sounds reasonable, however, I have some preliminary thoughts. For instance, the cost breakdown structure could be further expanded as the highest cost item of 140K is not explained in detail.
Additionally, how will ADP conclude that this project will serve sustainability as the proposal does not detail any way of overseeing women who were given the sewing machine actually continue to use it for economic purposes. What will they craft, who will they sell it to and how much living can they make. If they neglect their family in the process, what will be the impact?
Finally, at a social level, what will the criteria of PEACE be in picking women and youth. This should be further explained as many women have domestic pressure against working." - Saadat Khan
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Saadat Khan

Joined: 27 Jul 2008
Last Visit: 09 Aug 2008
Posts: 1
Location: Arlington, VA
PostPosted: Wed Aug 06, 2008 11:13 pm    Post subject: Project Team's Initial Questions and Thoughts Reply with quote

a. Brief Description:
i. The proposal by PEACE aims to alleviate poverty amongst young women and widows in District’s of Mardan and Swabi. They have proposed to set up a skill training center for women (widows, and then youth) to train them in sewing and cutting thereby providing a stream of income for this particular segment of the local community.
b. Itemized Budget:
i. We have asked for this documentation and will hopefully be receiving this shortly. Please update status of this on August 7, 2008
ii. The cost breakdown structure could be further expanded as the highest cost item of 140K (cost/youth for apprenticeship) is not explained in detail. Since this is almost half the budget, it should be explained in greater detail.
II. PROJECT EVALUATION – [Indicate whether HIGH, MED, LOW upon completion]
a. Critical Need:
i. Saadat:
1. What is the age range of youth being targeted? Will this affect their schooling? The proposal does says that the type of vocational skill will be evaluated depending upon the youth. Can we walkthrough a few examples of this?
ii. Ali:
1. Depends on how it is seen. It may or may not address a major hardship to society. Without adequate sources of livelihood poverty rises which means lack of food, shelter, medicines, education etc. I think it could be a long term critical need if not short term.
2. What government policies are currently in place to tackle poverty in rural areas? Lack of basic needs such as education, health, sanitation undermines the ability for people to secure employment and results in social exclusion. Khushal Pakistan program which was launched helped generate economic activity. The provinces in close collaboration with local communities completed almost half a billion dollar of small projects resulting in the creation of nearly a million jobs. The program resulted in the construction of farm to market roads, rehabilitation of water supply schemes, repair of schools etc.
3. Current critical need might be to develop community schools that emphasize technical education and teach skills such as pottery work, carving, and other forms of hand labor.
4. In rural areas more focus should be on equality of land ownership and farm assets. Land inequality has a strong correlation with rural poverty.
iii. Fatima:
1. I think this project may address a crucial element of the poverty cycle (i.e. lack of access to capital). However, is there a lack of access to capital? What do these women currently do to sustain themselves? How much do they make? What are their living conditions right now?
b. Social Return:
i. Saadat:
1. What will the criteria of PEACE be in picking women and youth. This should also be further explained as many women have domestic pressure against working.
ii. Ali:
1. Proving micro credit might prove to be a better alternative to allow people to determine what is the best means for earning livelihood. Statistics have show that micro credit targeted the poor or the people having enough to fulfill their own and families requirements. However it didn’t do very well for those living in extreme poverty. Extreme poor people are viewed as risky clients and in a lot of cases they themselves refused to take the loan in fear that they wont be able to repay.
2. Proving relief in terms of healthcare, infrastructure, education first might be a better solutions to alleviate poverty.
3. In many rural areas due to poor communication and lack of power, manual intensive labor is commonplace. Sewing or other forms of hand labor might be a good solution.
4. Abolition of agricultural taxes for peasants, cancellation of school tuition fees for children and new pension and health care plans might prove better
5. Introducing initiatives such as IT literacy training, cost effective community school education might be better.
iii. Fatima:
1. Will we be teaching these women the basics of how to use a sewing machine? Or will they be taught how to make sellable good(s)? If so, there will need to be continuing classes to keep these women up-to-date on latest fashions, etc. What will they be sewing? And who will be selling it? Will these women have to sell their own products, or is there something set-up for that?
2. Has the NGO discussed with potential designers (or others who would need such workers) about the possibility of working with this group of women?
c. Measurability: Ability to measure impact by establishing specific metrics for the project which will give a reasonable indication of the impact created by the project. These metrics should measure impact, and not just whether elements of the project were successfully executed.
i. Saadat: [Feel free to add your thoughts]
ii. Ali:
1. What percentage of people trained are utilizing the equipment provided effectively. Assess metrics relating the output. How much have they produced. What is the opportunity cost etc.
2. Are the trained people assisting in training others? How many more people have been trained in the society?
3. Are people using the income generated from sewing to help generate other opportunities for themselves? What opportunities has it created? Is there an indication of migration from rural to urban areas?
4. Have poverty levels gone down? Are folks utilizing the income they have earned on education, healthcare etc. . Has healthcare improved and incidence of diseases gone down? Has the illiteracy rate decline in recent months?
iii. Fatima:
1. Taking Ali’s (1) point further, of what they have produced, how much has been sold? What is the total profit?
2. One of the goal’s of the NGO is to make the women more independent – how is the NGO hoping to evaluate this? Who do these women currently depend on?
3. Ali’s (4) point – I completely agree with. Are they making money? If yes, then what are they using their money for? Some cultures in the community might require the woman to give their money to their superiors (i.e. elders, men). If that’s the case, then these women are not becoming independent.
4. Do we know what these districts want? Is this a business mind set community? Or they do they want education?
d. Sustainability:
i. Saadat:
1. From a sustainability perspective, how will we able to monitor the progress? Will the women who were given the sewing machine actually continue to use it for economic purpose. What will they craft, who will they sell it to and how much living can they make. If they neglect their family in the process, what will be the impact?
ii. Ali:
1. What happens if there is an over abundance in supply for garments? If market needs for stitched material decreases? The goal of this is for people to train others and keep producing more and more people who are involved in sewing. It will not help diversify peoples skill sets at all. Maybe the money can be utilized to education people in a variety of professions so that they can possibly use their expertise in urban areas as well where opportunities exist.
2. If residents see other profitable opportunities then all the money invested in training, buying the machines etc will go to waste. There is no assurance for people to continue on the business.
3. Training might not have a trickle down effect. Due to social needs and circumstances women might not be allowed to leave the household to go and educate others.
4. What is the long term trend. Are younger generations leaning towards education which will eliminate need for this labor?
5. Long term sustainability might not seem viable as everyone cannot get into one profession. Alternatives have to be sought for and discovered.
6. In the long term maybe training methods can be altered. Training for a variety of different professions can be done through TV/Radio and help increase the labor market. In India, projects like AGMARKET are successfully linking hundreds of thousands of farmers to a number of agricultural product wholesale markets, providing them with up to date information on price movements in commodities enabling them to capture maximum value for their goods.
7. Market for products might not sustain for long.
iii. Fatima:
1. What happens if the sewing machine breaks? Or needs a tune-up? Who pays for that?
2. What is the current culture like for women? Are they ready to have a more “urban” outlook on life? Family dynamics will change – how will the reaction be? What do the men currently do in these districts to sustain themselves?
e. Other Considerations:
i. Innovative:
1. Its more of a traditional way of helping a community reduce poverty and provide opportunity for growth.
ii. Scalable:
1. If results are positive it can definitely be helped to scale into other areas. Rural employment is not based on hard manufacturing and more manual labor intensive. As long as markets exists for products it can definitely be expanded into different areas.
iii. Learning:
1. This project will help us understand constraints and limitations that NGO’s currently operating in rural areas are facing.
a. PEACE seems to be an organization more experienced in health related projects – what expertise do they have that will help them successfully implement an economic development project.
a. Higher Income Levels
b. Improvement in healthcare, education etc.
c. Will it open up opportunities for people in the long run to apart from just this one profession
d. Is market for their products expanding?
e. Increased movement from rural to urban areas ?
a. [Please complete: This should describe 1) the reports that the NGO will provide to ADP during and after implementation of the project and 2) who you will appoint as the lead person(s) on your team to stay in touch with the NGO to monitor progress. Ideally, you should also identify the timing of and person conducting a site visit for impact assessment.]
a. Will the people currently trained be effective and helpful and training others? A regular training facility might not be manageable. Is there a strong market for stitched products? Are profit margins high enough to justify implementing this idea?
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